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Alternative Title
How do Online Reviews Affect App Performance?——From the Perspective of Sentiment Analysis
Name pinyin
LIU Yang
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0701 数学
Subject category of dissertation
07 理学
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随着移动互联网的迅猛发展,移动端应用程序(App)也成为人们日常生活中不可分割的一部分。应用商店(APP Store)作为人们下载安装App的主要途径,仅靠其中由开发者所提供的页面图片和描述文本难以使用户充分了解应用的相关信息,而应用商店中包含着的数以亿计的用户评论成为了解APP的另一途径。与评分相比,评论的情绪传达了更丰富的应用信息,已有研究大多基于评论情感的极性(积极、消极)进行分析,但由于情感的多样性和复杂性,仅依靠极性难以对情感进行细致的刻画,本文通过分析情感强度和离散情感,对在线评论的消费者情感进行进一步刻画,研究其对App绩效的影响,并探讨了App更新的中介作用。

本文利用长短期记忆神经网络模型(Long Short-Term Memory, LSTM)对在线评论进行情感分析,识别其情感极性和情感分类,利用词频统计法计算评论的情感强度,构建面板数据并使用双向固定效应模型进行实证分析。研究发现好评占比对App绩效有负面影响,但这种负面影响会随着差评占比的增加而减弱,而差评占比对App绩效呈倒U”型关系。差评又根据情感强度的不同划分为强烈差评、中等差评和弱差评,研究结果发现3者的占比均对App绩效有显著影响,且强烈差评对App绩效的影响最大。按照情感分类对“失望”和“愤怒”情感的占比进行分析,研究结果发现均对App绩效有显著影响。本文的实证结果还发现,App版本更新在强烈差评占比对App绩效的影响中起到遮掩作用。

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刘阳. 在线评论是如何影响APP绩效的——基于情感分析的视角[D]. 深圳. 南方科技大学,2022.
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