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Alternative Title
Name pinyin
YUE Wenji
School number
0856 材料与化工
Subject category of dissertation
0856 材料与化工
Mentor unit
Tutor of External Organizations
Tutor units of foreign institutions
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  本文基于可编程摩擦纳米发电机的原理提出了一种自供能神经电刺激器,通过简单的摇晃可以实现~kV 级的脉冲电压输出,即使摩擦层材料相同的情况下,如选用聚四氟乙烯薄膜,仍能实现较高的电压输出,且不同于传统理论,摩擦层不需要真正进行接触式摩擦,因此能最小化器件在摩擦上的能量损耗、降低驱动器件所需的能量阈值并提高能量转化效率。理论上,电荷可以在电极上无限倍增,能量输出没有上限。在实际测试中, 通过晃动器件,输出能力不断倍增,然而,器件的输出电压主要受极板间介电质击穿电压所限制。针对击穿电压的限制,在机械结构上,我们划分电极组数、减小晃动角度和层堆叠电极;在材料选择上,我们更换介电材料的种类和厚度。实验结果表明,通过一系列改进措施,该自供能神经电刺激器的击穿电压的峰值提高,输出能力增强,且结构尺寸减小,更容易操作。我们将自供能神经电刺激器用于大鼠的坐骨神经电刺激实验,在不同频率的晃动下该器件能够轻易地实现对大鼠坐骨神经的电刺激,随着晃动速率的增加,大鼠的大腿前踢或后踢的幅度随之改变,出力的大小逐渐增加。
Other Abstract

Over the past decades, triboelectric nanogenerators have not only been widely used in healthcare and wearable electronics with far-reaching impact, but have also showed the potential as a waveform generator and power in implantable electrical stimulation systems. 

Based on the principle of programmable triboelectric nanogenerators, we proposed a self-powered nerve stimulator, which can achieve higher voltage output through simple shaking, even using the same dielectric material as the friction layers. Different from the traditional theory, no contact friction is required, whicg can minimize the energy loss of the device on friction, lower the energy threshold required to drive the device and improve the energy conversion efficiency. Theoretically, the charge can be infinitely multiplied on the specific electrodes, and there is no limit to the energy output. In the test, the output is multiplied as we shake the device, however, it will be mainly limited by the dielectric breakdown voltage between the plates. So we improved the device, in the mechanical structure, we divided the number of electrode groups, reduced the shaking angle and stacked electrodes; in material selection, we implored how the thickness and type of dielectric material affect the output capability. Finally, the self-powered nerve stimulator was applied in the rat sciatic nerve stimulation, which can easily realize the electrical stimulation of the rat sciatic nerve under different frequency of shaking.

The self-powered nerve stimulator based on the principle of programmable triboelectric nanogenerators can realize pulse voltage output of ~kV level by shaking. Further reducing the size and biocompatible packaging, it can become an implantable self-powered medical electronics. It has a good prospect in self- powered, portable nanogenerators and nerve stimulators due to its high frequency, easy operation, high voltage, and easy portability.

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References List

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DepartmentShenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology Chinese Academy of Sciences
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岳文基. 基于可编程摩擦电原理的自供能神经电刺激器[D]. 深圳. 南方科技大学,2022.
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