Bottom Drag Variations Under Waves and Currents: A Case Study on a Muddy Deposit off the Shandong Peninsula
Bottom drag coefficient is one of the key parameters in quantifying shelf hydrodynamics and sediment transport processes. It varies markedly due to dynamic forcing and bed type differences, so a set of empirical values have been used for beds of coarse material where bedforms are often present. In comparison, dramatically fewer such rule-of-thumb values are available for muddy beds. Here, we present results of variations in bottom drag as calculated from in situ measurements by bottom-mounted tripods that were placed across the top of a muddy deposit during two different deployments, one in summer and another in winter. A tidal asymmetry of bottom drag was observed, most likely caused by variations of local bed roughness. For hydrodynamically smooth (Re < 2.3 x 10(5)) flows, computed values of bottom drag coefficient were fairly scattered but still showed an overall decreasing trend with an increase in Reynolds number. The bottom drag coefficient for hydrodynamically rough or transitional flow was typically constant, while the averaged drag coefficient over all observation periods was 1.7 x 10(-3) . Smaller waves (bottom orbital velocity u(b) < 0.1 m/s) had a very limited impact on the bottom drag coefficient. However, with an increase in u(b) , the wave-current interactions can decrease the time-averaged near-bed velocity and enhance turbulent kinetic energy, thus leading to an increase in the drag coefficient.
First ; Corresponding
Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of the Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou)[GML2019ZD0210] ; Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation[2021B1515120080] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
|WOS Research Area|
|WOS Accession No|
Web of Science
Cited Times [WOS]:0
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
1.Department of Ocean Science and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
2.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou),Guangzhou,China
|First Author Affilication||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
|First Author's First Affilication||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
Qi，Fukang,Liu，Zhiqiang,Xu，Jingping. Bottom Drag Variations Under Waves and Currents: A Case Study on a Muddy Deposit off the Shandong Peninsula[J]. FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE,2022,10.
Qi，Fukang,Liu，Zhiqiang,&Xu，Jingping.(2022).Bottom Drag Variations Under Waves and Currents: A Case Study on a Muddy Deposit off the Shandong Peninsula.FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE,10.
Qi，Fukang,et al."Bottom Drag Variations Under Waves and Currents: A Case Study on a Muddy Deposit off the Shandong Peninsula".FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE 10(2022).
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