An integrated study of the spatiotemporal character, pollution assessment, and migration mechanism of heavy metals in the groundwater of a subtropical mangrove wetland
Mangrove wetlands connecting the land and sea are critical and dynamic ecosystems which act as biogeochemical reactors that influence the concentrations and distributions of heavy metals in the groundwater and adjacent seawater. In this paper, a subtropical mangrove wetland in China was selected to investigate the spatiotemporal patterns of groundwater heavy metals and the driving mechanism along an intertidal transect with distinct undulated topography and vegetation zonation. Along the transect, five groundwater observation wells (W1-5) were set to collect groundwater samples at three different sediment depths (0.5, 1.2, and 2.0 m) and the advective flux between groundwater and surface water were calculated during four seasonal sampling campaigns from 2019 to 2020. The results showed that the seaward W1-3 acted as the groundwater discharge area while the landward W4-5 served as the surface water recharge area. The results of single-factor contamination index showed that a potential pollution risk of Hg existed at the study sites. The distribution of other heavy metals in the mangrove groundwater exhibited a seasonal variability along the transect during the sampling campaigns. For example, the relative high concentrations of Fe, Pb, Cu, Cr, and Zn focused in the landward zones in the dry seasons (autumn and winter 2019), whereas they changed to the seaward zones in the wet seasons (summer and autumn 2020). Moreover, the intertidal aquifer can act as a sink to enrich heavy metals in winter 2019 and autumn 2020 but become a source to discharge heavy metals to the sea in summer 2020. The above migration patterns of heavy metals were ascribed to the multiple complex factors including the seawater-groundwater interactions, vegetation zonation, biogeochemical reactions, and anthropogenic activities. This study contributed to the better understanding of heavy metal behaviors in mangrove groundwater so as to improve the sustainable management of mangrove wetlands under the pressure of anthropogenic activities and climate change.
Booz Allen Foundation;Booz Allen Foundation;Booz Allen Foundation;Booz Allen Foundation;
|WOS Research Area|
Engineering ; Geology ; Water Resources
Engineering, Civil ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Water Resources
|WOS Accession No|
|EI Accession Number|
Aquifers ; Biogeochemistry ; Climate change ; Groundwater resources ; Heavy metals ; Recharging (underground waters) ; Seawater ; Surface waters ; Topography ; Tropics ; Vegetation
|ESI Classification Code|
Meteorology:443 ; Atmospheric Properties:443.1 ; Surface Water:444.1 ; Groundwater:444.2 ; Seawater, Tides and Waves:471.4 ; Geochemistry:481.2 ; Metallurgy and Metallography:531 ; Biochemistry:801.2 ; Materials Science:951
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:3
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
1.State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology and School of Water Resources and Environmental Science,China University of Geosciences,Beijing,100083,China
2.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Integrated Surface Water-Groundwater Pollution Control,School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,Guangdong,518055,China
3.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science,College of the Environment & Ecology,Xiamen University,Xiamen,361102,China
|First Author Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
Li，Zhenyang,Pan，Feng,Xiao，Kai,et al. An integrated study of the spatiotemporal character, pollution assessment, and migration mechanism of heavy metals in the groundwater of a subtropical mangrove wetland[J]. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY,2022,612.
Li，Zhenyang.,Pan，Feng.,Xiao，Kai.,Li，Hailong.,Zheng，Chunmiao.,...&Zhang，Licong.(2022).An integrated study of the spatiotemporal character, pollution assessment, and migration mechanism of heavy metals in the groundwater of a subtropical mangrove wetland.JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY,612.
Li，Zhenyang,et al."An integrated study of the spatiotemporal character, pollution assessment, and migration mechanism of heavy metals in the groundwater of a subtropical mangrove wetland".JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY 612(2022).
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