Spatial correlations and relative velocities of polydisperse droplets in homogeneous isotropic turbulence
We investigate the motions of polydisperse droplets in homogeneous and isotropic turbulence at Reynolds numbers R e λ = 200-300. The emphasize is put on the parameter dependences of spatial velocity correlations (SVCs) and relative velocities (RVs) of droplets, which are relevant to particle transport and dispersion in turbulence and have been less studied in experiments. The Kolmogorov-scale Stokes number is S t p = 10 - 1- 10 1, and the settling parameter, i.e., the ratio of particle settling velocity to fluid velocity fluctuations, is S v L = 0.5-2.0. Using high-resolution measurements, we can resolve the motions of turbulence and droplet over a wide range of scales (10 - 1 η to 10 2 η, η is Kolmogorov length). The parabolic behavior in droplet SVCs near the origin is observed, similar to turbulence. The droplet SVCs are smaller than turbulence for all scales and decrease with both S t p and S v L. At large scales, the droplet RVs, smaller than those of turbulence due to the inertial filtering effect, also decrease with S t p and S v L. At small scales, the path-history effect leads to larger droplet RVs than fluid RVs. Interestingly, we find RVs present a non-monotonic trend with S t p and reach a valley at S t p ≈ 1.0. It may originate from particle clustering and preferential sweeping effects, which both prevail at S t p ≈ 1.0. It is also found that droplet motions are less intermittent than turbulence. This is in contrast to the previous observations by simulations with the gravity effect being ignored. The intermittency of droplet RVs decreases with S v L due to the diminished droplet-turbulence interactions, and it presents opposite trends with S t p for small and large scales. Finally, the balance between the effects of path histories and turbulent structures makes the velocity statistics of droplets quasi-independent from the scale in the range of the dissipative scale (r ≲ 5 η).
National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)["91941104","11872366"]
|WOS Research Area|
Mechanics ; Physics
Mechanics ; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
|WOS Accession No|
|EI Accession Number|
Computational complexity ; Polydispersity ; Reynolds number ; Sailing vessels ; Turbulence ; Velocity
|ESI Classification Code|
Fluid Flow, General:631.1 ; Small Marine Craft:674.1 ; Computer Theory, Includes Formal Logic, Automata Theory, Switching Theory, Programming Theory:721.1 ; Polymers and Polymer Science:815
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:1
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering|
1.State Key Laboratory of High Temperature Gas Dynamics,Institute of Mechanics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100190,China
2.Fluid Mechanics Key Laboratory of Education Ministry,Beihang University,Beijing,100191,China
3.Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,518055,China
4.Aircraft and Propulsion Laboratory,Ningbo Institute of Technology,Beihang University,Ningbo,315800,China
|First Author Affilication||Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering|
Zhu，Hangyu,Pan，Chong,Lian，Huan. Spatial correlations and relative velocities of polydisperse droplets in homogeneous isotropic turbulence[J]. PHYSICS OF FLUIDS,2022,34(8).
Zhu，Hangyu,Pan，Chong,&Lian，Huan.(2022).Spatial correlations and relative velocities of polydisperse droplets in homogeneous isotropic turbulence.PHYSICS OF FLUIDS,34(8).
Zhu，Hangyu,et al."Spatial correlations and relative velocities of polydisperse droplets in homogeneous isotropic turbulence".PHYSICS OF FLUIDS 34.8(2022).
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