Isotropic Tuning of Electrochemical Etching for the Nanometric Finishing of Metals
Isotropic etching polishing (IEP) based on the merging of isotropic etch pits has been proposed as a generic metal finishing approach. In this work, the tuning of the etching isotropy of various metals, which is the key to realizing the finishing effect of IEP, is studied by theoretical analysis and etching experiments. The isotropic etching of various metals can be realized through mass transfer polarization by adjusting the electrochemical parameters. The addition of sulfuric acid in the electrolyte is the most effective for tuning the isotropy of electrochemical etching. It can decrease the diffusion coefficient of metal ions, thereby increasing the resistance of mass transfer and transforming the electrochemical dissolution of metal into mass transfer polarization. In this study, the atomic and close-to-atomic scale surface finishing of various metals and alloys has been successfully achieved through isotropic etching. After etching at a current of 1.5 A for 3 min, the surface Sa roughness of TA2 is drastically reduced from 242 to 3.98 nm. After etching for 1 min at a current of 3 A, the surface Sa roughness of pure tungsten, NiTi, and CoCrNi decreases from 9.33, 76.4, and 37.6 nm, respectively, to 1.16, 2.01, and 2.51 nm, respectively.
First ; Corresponding
Cited Times [WOS]:0
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,No. 1088, Xueyuan Road, Guangdong,518055,China
|First Author Affilication||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
|First Author's First Affilication||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
Yi，Rong,Zhan，Zejin,Deng，Hui. Isotropic Tuning of Electrochemical Etching for the Nanometric Finishing of Metals[J]. Nanomanufacturing and Metrology,2022.
Yi，Rong,Zhan，Zejin,&Deng，Hui.(2022).Isotropic Tuning of Electrochemical Etching for the Nanometric Finishing of Metals.Nanomanufacturing and Metrology.
Yi，Rong,et al."Isotropic Tuning of Electrochemical Etching for the Nanometric Finishing of Metals".Nanomanufacturing and Metrology (2022).
|Files in This Item:||There are no files associated with this item.|
|Recommend this item|
|Export to Endnote|
|Export to Excel|
|Export to Csv|
|Similar articles in Google Scholar|
|Similar articles in Baidu Scholar|
|Similar articles in Bing Scholar|
Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.