Marine environmental monitoring with unmanned vehicle platforms: Present applications and future prospects
Basic monitoring of the marine environment is crucial for the early warning and assessment of marine hydrometeorological conditions, climate change, and ecosystem disasters. In recent years, many marine environmental monitoring platforms have been established, such as offshore platforms, ships, or sensors placed on specially designed buoys or submerged marine structures. These platforms typically use a variety of sensors to provide high-quality observations, while they are limited by low spatial resolution and high cost during data acquisition. Satellite remote sensing allows monitoring over a larger ocean area; however, it is susceptible to cloud contamination and atmospheric effects that subject the results to large uncertainties. Unmanned vehicles have become more widely used as platforms in marine science and ocean engineering in recent years due to their ease of deployment, mobility, and the low cost involved in data acquisition. Researchers can acquire data according to their schedules and convenience, offering significant improvements over those obtained by traditional platforms. This study presents the state-of-the-art research on available unmanned vehicle observation platforms, including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), underwater gliders (UGs), unmanned surface vehicles (USVs), and unmanned ships (USs), for marine environmental monitoring, and compares them with satellite remote sensing. The recent applications in marine environments have focused on marine biochemical and ecosystem features, marine physical features, marine pollution, and marine aerosols monitoring, and their integration with other products are also analysed. Additionally, the prospects of future ocean observation systems combining unmanned vehicle platforms (UVPs), global and regional autonomous platform networks, and remote sensing data are discussed.
National Natural Science Foundation of China[41961160728/42105124/41575106] ; Key-Area Research and Development Program of Guangdong Province[2020B1111360001] ; Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research FundCommittee[2020B1515130003/2019A1515110384] ; Shenzhen Science and Technology Program[KQTD20180411143441009/KCXFZ20211020174803005] ; Guangdong Province Science and Technology Planning Project of China[2017A050506003]
|WOS Research Area|
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
Web of Science
Cited Times [WOS]:1
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
1.School of Environment,Harbin Institute of Technology,Harbin,150059,China
2.Center for Oceanic and Atmospheric Science at SUSTech (COAST),Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
3.Department of Ocean Sciences and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
4.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou),Guangzhou,China
|First Author Affilication||Southern University of Science and Technology|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Southern University of Science and Technology; Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
Yuan，Shuyun,Li，Ying,Bao，Fangwen,et al. Marine environmental monitoring with unmanned vehicle platforms: Present applications and future prospects[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2022,858.
Yuan，Shuyun.,Li，Ying.,Bao，Fangwen.,Xu，Haoxiang.,Yang，Yuping.,...&Lin，Jian.(2022).Marine environmental monitoring with unmanned vehicle platforms: Present applications and future prospects.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,858.
Yuan，Shuyun,et al."Marine environmental monitoring with unmanned vehicle platforms: Present applications and future prospects".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 858(2022).
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