New insights into deep-lacustrine architectural elements: Examples from the upper Triassic Yanchang Formation, Ordos basin
Deep-lacustrine systems are considerably less studied than their marine counterparts, mostly due to the low number of large and continuous outcrops worldwide. This study details outcrops and cores from Chang 7, Ordos Basin, China, which are composed dominantly of fine-grained deposits interbedded with amalgamated sandstones. Thick sandstone deposits, previously described as massive sandstones and interpreted as sandy debrites, are here re-interpreted as amalgamated sandstones, deposited by high-density turbidity currents associated with deep-lacustrine slope channels. Two outcrops composed of these deposits, which form intervals ranging from 6 to 20 m thick, laterally ranging from 600 to 1200 m, preserving evidence of sediment bypass such as erosional features and abundant trough cross-bedding, have been interpreted as lacustrine slope channels. Deposits composed dominantly of interbedded thin-bedded normal-graded sandstone and mudstone, with common occurrences of ripple cross-lamination (>70 % of the beds), interbedded with sporadic amalgamated medium-bedded sandstones have been interpreted as levee deposits. These deposits outcrop laterally to slope channel deposits, supporting the interpretation they are genetically and architecturally related. Similar deposits are also described in core, overlying channelised sand-prone deposits. Interbedded thin- to medium-bedded normal-graded sandstones and mudstones, which are not associated with a confining surface (non-channelised), nor an adjacent slope channel, have been interpreted as terminal splays. The re-interpretation of the sandstone-prone deposits of the Yanchang Formation as slope channel-levees to terminal splays provides a different approach to lateral and temporal distribution of architectural elements in intracratonic lacustrine basins, and therefore hydrocarbon exploration and production.
First ; Corresponding
National Science Foundation of China (NSFC)["41772099","41720104001"]
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|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
1.Department of Ocean Sciences and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,No. 1088 Xueyuan Road, Nanshan District, Guangdong,518055,China
2.PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development – Northwest,Lanzhou,730020,China
|First Author Affilication||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
|First Author's First Affilication||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
Bozetti，Guilherme,Li，Xiangbo,Yang，Zhanlong,et al. New insights into deep-lacustrine architectural elements: Examples from the upper Triassic Yanchang Formation, Ordos basin[J]. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,2023,241.
Bozetti，Guilherme.,Li，Xiangbo.,Yang，Zhanlong.,Liu，Huaqing.,Huang，Junping.,...&Xu，Jingping.(2023).New insights into deep-lacustrine architectural elements: Examples from the upper Triassic Yanchang Formation, Ordos basin.JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,241.
Bozetti，Guilherme,et al."New insights into deep-lacustrine architectural elements: Examples from the upper Triassic Yanchang Formation, Ordos basin".JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES 241(2023).
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