ACE2, B0AT1, and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Structural and functional implications
|Corresponding Author||Renhong,Yan; Qiang,Zhou|
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has emerged as a public health crisis and led to tremendous economic devastation. The spike protein (S) of SARS-CoV-2 hijacks the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a receptor for virus entry, representing the initial step of viral infection. S is one of the major targets for development of the antiviral drugs, antibodies, and vaccines. ACE2 is a peptidase that plays a physiologically important role in the renin-angiotensin system. Concurrently, it also forms dimer of heterodimer with the neutral amino acid transporter B(0)AT1 to regulate intestinal amino acid metabolism. The symptoms of COVID-19 are closely correlated with the physiological functions of ACE2. In this review, we summarize the functional and structural studies on ACE2, B(0)AT1, and their complex with S of SARS-CoV-2, providing insights into the various symptoms caused by viral infection and the development of therapeutic strategies.
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY
ACE2, B0AT1, and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Structural and functional implications - PMC https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9108414/
Cited Times [WOS]:3
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Biochemistry|
1.Center for Infectious Disease Research, Westlake Laboratory of Life Sciences and Biomedicine, Key Laboratory of Structural Biology of Zhejiang Province, School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Hangzhou 310024, Zhejiang Province, China
2.Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, 18 Shilongshan Road, Hangzhou 310024, Zhejiang Province, China
3.Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Department of Biochemistry; School of Medicine|
Yuanyuan,Zhang,Renhong,Yan,Qiang,Zhou. ACE2, B0AT1, and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Structural and functional implications[J]. CURRENT OPINION IN STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY,2022,74:102388.
Yuanyuan,Zhang,Renhong,Yan,&Qiang,Zhou.(2022).ACE2, B0AT1, and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Structural and functional implications.CURRENT OPINION IN STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY,74,102388.
Yuanyuan,Zhang,et al."ACE2, B0AT1, and SARS-CoV-2 spike protein: Structural and functional implications".CURRENT OPINION IN STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY 74(2022):102388.
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