Field and Numerical Investigations of Wave Effects on Groundwater Flow and Salt Transport in a Sandy Beach
Coastal dynamic forces, such as waves and tides, altogether drive groundwater circulation and salt transport in the intertidal zone. However, few numerical studies have ever considered the combined effects of waves and tides. In this study, the fluctuations of wave height are integrated with tidal level together using an iterative least squares fitting method, in which the wave height can be acquired from measured sea level in the surf zone, and this fitted wave height is further verified by wind speed. Groundwater flow and salt transport were then simulated using the MARUN code to evaluate the impacts after considering wave effect. The simulated equivalent freshwater head and salinity of the model with wave effect presented less difference with the measured data compared with the simulated results of the model without wave effect. After incorporating the wave effect in a model, submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) was increased, among which recirculated SGD grew more rapidly than the fresh, leading to the proportion of the fresh SGD accounting for a small proportion (1.1%). The water influx and efflux rates increased greatly especially during the period of high wave height. Most of the influx occurred in the intertidal zone, while a considerable amount of efflux occurred in the subtidal zone. The iterative algorithm to separate the wave height from the mixed field data can be employed to identify and quantify the respective effects of tides and the combined effects of waves and tides on the density-dependent beach groundwater flow.
First ; Corresponding
National Natural Science Foundation of China;National Natural Science Foundation of China;Shenzhen Technology Development Program[JCYJ20200925174525002];
|WOS Research Area|
Environmental Sciences & Ecology ; Marine & Freshwater Biology ; Water Resources
Environmental Sciences ; Limnology ; Water Resources
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:3
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
1.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Integrated Surface Water-Groundwater Pollution Control,School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
2.Department of Earth Sciences,The University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong
3.Hebei Center for Ecological and Environmental Geology Research,School of Water Resources & Environment,Hebei GEO University,Shijiazhuang,China
|First Author Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
|First Author's First Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
Yu，Shengchao,Wang，Chaoyue,Li，Hailong,et al. Field and Numerical Investigations of Wave Effects on Groundwater Flow and Salt Transport in a Sandy Beach[J]. WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH,2022,58(11).
Yu，Shengchao,Wang，Chaoyue,Li，Hailong,Zhang，Xiaolang,Wang，Xuejing,&Qu，Wenjing.(2022).Field and Numerical Investigations of Wave Effects on Groundwater Flow and Salt Transport in a Sandy Beach.WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH,58(11).
Yu，Shengchao,et al."Field and Numerical Investigations of Wave Effects on Groundwater Flow and Salt Transport in a Sandy Beach".WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH 58.11(2022).
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