Spray collapse resistance of GDI injectors with different hole structures under flash boiling conditions
The purpose of this study was to compare the spray collapse resistance and explore the spray collapse mechanism of GDI injectors with different hole structures to provide a theoretical basis for the optimal design of injectors in addition to the clean combustion of internal combustion engines. Herein, a shadowgraph visualization system was used to record the macroscopic spray of the different injectors, with MATLAB used to obtain quantitative data from the spray images. The effects of hole length-to-diameter (L/D), hole shape, and step hole diameter (Ds) on the spray collapse characteristics were analyzed quantitatively. Finally, the nozzle near-field spray of the injectors and the pressure distribution below the injectors were simulated using CFD to analyze the spray collapse mechanism. The results indicated that an increase in L/D did significantly affect collapse point (the superheat degree at the onset of spray collapse). Among the injectors with straight, reverse taper, tapered and tapered step holes, the collapse point of the tapered step injector is about 10 °C lower than that of other injectors. Among the three structural features of the injector holes, the step hole diameter had the greatest influence on the spray collapse point. By reducing step hole diameter, the spray collapse point was delayed by approximately 22 °C, because under flash boiling conditions, the expanded spray plume occupies almost the entire space of the step hole. A small step-hole diameter limits the expansion of spray plumes and the interaction between them, thus improving the resistance of the spray to collapse.
Basic Science Research Program[2019R1A2C1089494] ; Automotive Industrial Technology Development Program - Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea)[1415180862 (20018834)]
|WOS Research Area|
Thermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
Thermodynamics ; Energy & Fuels
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:0
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering|
1.Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech),Shenzhen,518055,China
2.Department of Mechanical Engineering,Konkuk University,Seoul,120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu,05029,South Korea
3.School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,Konkuk University,Seoul,120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu,05029,South Korea
|First Author Affilication||Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering|
|First Author's First Affilication||Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering|
Chang，Mengzhao,Kim，Huijun,Zhou，Bo,et al. Spray collapse resistance of GDI injectors with different hole structures under flash boiling conditions[J]. ENERGY,2023,268.
Chang，Mengzhao,Kim，Huijun,Zhou，Bo,&Park，Suhan.(2023).Spray collapse resistance of GDI injectors with different hole structures under flash boiling conditions.ENERGY,268.
Chang，Mengzhao,et al."Spray collapse resistance of GDI injectors with different hole structures under flash boiling conditions".ENERGY 268(2023).
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