Investigation of higher-harmonic wave loads and low-frequency resonance response of floating offshore wind turbine under extreme wave groups
When floating offshore wind turbines (FOWT) encounter extreme waves in operation, it is a highly nonlinear system involving floater motion and extreme wave–structure interactions. The behavior is crucial for floating offshore wind turbine safety. With the aid of a high-fidelity CFD solver, a harmonic separation method through a ‘Stokes-like’ formulation was adopted to obtain the parameters for each harmonic response. The present study focuses on analyzing higher harmonic load, dynamic motion response, and tension load of the mooring line the DeepCwind semi-submersible FOWT. The results show that the higher-harmonic wave load cannot be ignored in the extreme marine environment, the second harmonic can be over 16% of the linear wave load, and the third harmonic can be over 10% of the linear wave load with large wave steepness. The duration of a focused wave crest interaction with the platform is a short process of only 1.4 s in model scale, corresponding to about 10 s for the prototype. The wave runup at the upstream column is larger than the other columns, and the flow velocity is double that of the wave without the floater in presence. The dynamic response of the floater contains two phases, ’forced oscillations’ is identified to be drag-driven from odd harmonics, and ’free decay’ mainly comes from second-order difference-frequency influence from even harmonics. The properly normalized wave forces of surge and heave motion are not influenced by steepness kA. For surge motion, the total motion mainly comes from the nonlinear low frequency component. For pitch motion, the linear response is dominant in small kA. When the steepness kA increases gradually, the second-order low-frequency response of pitch motion will increase rapidly and dominate the total response.
National Natural Science Foundation of China["52071058","51939002"] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China
|WOS Research Area|
Engineering, Marine ; Engineering, Civil
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:15
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Ocean Science and Engineering|
1.College of Engineering,Ocean University of China,Qingdao,China
2.State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering,Dalian University of Technology,Dalian,China
3.Department of Ocean Science and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
4.Department of Mechanical Engineering,Technical University of Denmark,Copenhagen,Denmark
Zeng，Xinmeng,Shi，Wei,Feng，Xingya,et al. Investigation of higher-harmonic wave loads and low-frequency resonance response of floating offshore wind turbine under extreme wave groups[J]. MARINE STRUCTURES,2023,89.
Zeng，Xinmeng,Shi，Wei,Feng，Xingya,Shao，Yanlin,&Li，Xin.(2023).Investigation of higher-harmonic wave loads and low-frequency resonance response of floating offshore wind turbine under extreme wave groups.MARINE STRUCTURES,89.
Zeng，Xinmeng,et al."Investigation of higher-harmonic wave loads and low-frequency resonance response of floating offshore wind turbine under extreme wave groups".MARINE STRUCTURES 89(2023).
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