Forward calculation model for utilization of energy and mass in laser-directed energy deposition
|Corresponding Author||Wang，Gang; Rong，Yiming|
Precise control of energy and mass utilization is essential for the process design and optimization of powder-based laser-directed energy deposition (L-DED). However, fully comprehending the actual changes in the energy and the mass, which have complex nonlinear relationships with all inputs, is still challenging. In powder-based L-DED, the energy absorptivity is closely related to the powder catchment efficiency, owing to the effects of the laser incidence angle and the material properties. In this study, a forward calculation model was established for the utilization of energy and mass in powder-based L-DED without data regression of experimental measurements. Interactions between the laser, powders, and substrate were analyzed in detail in terms of three major effects: energy absorption of the substrate, powder catchment, and deposition shape variation. A secondary correction of the incidence angle was included in the geometric change of the deposited passes, and the boundary shift of the molten pool, which resulted from the melting point differences of the dissimilar deposited and substrate materials, was considered. The model prediction results matched the multipass deposition experimental results well. The average prediction error validated that the catchment efficiency did not exceed 5.2%. The scanning speed and the powder feed rate showed the largest effects on the energy absorptivity, which varied in the range of approximately 40–65%. The developed model presents good universality and can be fundamental for understanding the forming mechanism, optimizing the process, and predicting the deposition quality of powder-based L-DED.
National Natural Science Foundation of China;National Natural Science Foundation of China;
Cited Times [WOS]:0
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
1.School of Mechatronics Engineering,Harbin Institute of Technology,Harbin,150001,China
2.Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,518055,China
3.Department of Equipment Support and Remanufacturing,Army Academy of Armored Forces,Beijing,100072,China
4.Beijing Key Lab of Precision/Ultra-precision Manufacturing Equipments and Control,Department of Mechanical Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
|First Author Affilication||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering|
Ren，Ke,Di，Yuelan,Wang，Gang,et al. Forward calculation model for utilization of energy and mass in laser-directed energy deposition[J]. Additive Manufacturing,2023,68.
Ren，Ke,Di，Yuelan,Wang，Gang,Wang，Liping,Wang，Haidou,&Rong，Yiming.(2023).Forward calculation model for utilization of energy and mass in laser-directed energy deposition.Additive Manufacturing,68.
Ren，Ke,et al."Forward calculation model for utilization of energy and mass in laser-directed energy deposition".Additive Manufacturing 68(2023).
|Files in This Item:||There are no files associated with this item.|
|Recommend this item|
|Export to Endnote|
|Export to Excel|
|Export to Csv|
|Similar articles in Google Scholar|
|Similar articles in Baidu Scholar|
|Similar articles in Bing Scholar|
Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.