Using 224Ra/228Th disequilibrium to quantify carbon transformation and export from intertidal sandy and muddy sediments
The intertidal zone is an important pathway for the transport of dissolved carbon across the land–ocean interface. Quantifying carbon transformation and export from the intertidal zone remains large uncertainties due to the natural heterogeneity and various driving mechanisms. Here, we used the Ra/Th disequilibrium method to quantify porewater exchange and dissolved carbon export from intertidal sandy and muddy sediments, two main intertidal wetland types in the coast. Porewater exchange fluxes from sandy sediments ranged from 1.4 ± 0.1 to 1084 ± 53 L m h, which gradually increased in the landward direction. Porewater exchange fluxes from mangrove muddy sediments ranged from 0 to 4.4 ± 0.7 L m h. Advective porewater exchange was recognized as the dominant solute transport process in sandy sediments, whereas bioturbation may be the key process in mangrove muddy sediments. Furthermore, marine dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was removed in sandy sediments, indicating that the sandy sediment acted as a sink of DOC, likely via aerobic remineralization. DOC consumption fluxes ranged from 3.7 ± 0.2 to 206 ± 9 mmol C m d. The total consumption flux of DOC in the entire sandy beach was one order of magnitude higher than the globally maximum DOC removal flux in the upper ocean. Porewater-derived dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) export fluxes from sandy sediments ranged from 5.6 ± 0.3 to 883 ± 43 mmol C m d. Nearly 50% of DIC export originated from the consumption of DOC. The rate constants for DOC transformation ranged from 0.009 to 0.155 h. In comparison, porewater-derived DOC and DIC export fluxes from muddy sediments were 25 ± 4 and 206 ± 30 mmol C m d, respectively. Porewater-derived DIC export from sandy sediments was comparable or even higher than those from muddy sediments. These results showed that sandy sediments acted as a fast lane for marine DOC remineralization. Overall, both organic-poor sandy and organic-rich mangrove muddy sediments play important roles in the delivery of dissolved carbon to the ocean.
NI Journal Papers ; NI论文
First ; Corresponding
National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Shenzhen Science and Technology Innovation Committee ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2021 M701587] ; Opening Project of Guangxi Laboratory on the Study of Coral Reefs in the South China Sea[GXLSCRSCS2021003]
|WOS Research Area|
Geochemistry & Geophysics
Geochemistry & Geophysics
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:0
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
1.School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,518055,China
2.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science,Xiamen University,Xiamen,361005,China
3.State Key Laboratory of Estuaries and Coastal Research,East China Normal University,Shanghai,200241,China
4.School of Water Resources and Environmental,China University of Geosciences (Beijing),Beijing,100083,China
5.Xiaoliang Research Station for Tropical Coastal Ecosystems and the CAS Engineering Laboratory for Ecological Restoration of Island and Coastal Ecosystems,South China Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou,510650,China
|First Author Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
|First Author's First Affilication||School of Environmental Science and Engineering|
Wang，Qianqian,Cai，Pinghe,Jiang，Shan,et al. Using 224Ra/228Th disequilibrium to quantify carbon transformation and export from intertidal sandy and muddy sediments[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2023,355:222-234.
Wang，Qianqian.,Cai，Pinghe.,Jiang，Shan.,Wang，Xuejing.,Li，Gang.,...&Li，Hailong.(2023).Using 224Ra/228Th disequilibrium to quantify carbon transformation and export from intertidal sandy and muddy sediments.Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,355,222-234.
Wang，Qianqian,et al."Using 224Ra/228Th disequilibrium to quantify carbon transformation and export from intertidal sandy and muddy sediments".Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 355(2023):222-234.
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