Efficient prestack time migration velocity analysis: A correlation-based global optimization approach
An accurate migration velocity model is vital to seismic imaging. Conventional time-domain migration velocity analysis techniques commonly obtain the velocity model by iteratively picking the velocity spectra of common reflection point gathers or scanning selection, which is usually laborious and computationally expensive. To solve these issues, we propose a more effective migration velocity analysis method for prestack time migration. This method is based on cross-correlation stacked time shift functions of local migrated gathers and uses the very fast simulated annealing algorithm to semi-automatically invert the migration velocity parameters. This new correlation-based objective function can catch subtle bending features of the reflector in the local migrated gather. The proposed approach applies an efficient global optimization algorithm that does not depend on the initial parameter value and is easy to extend to the multiparameter complex case. Moreover, the strategy of using local migrated gathers can incorporate prior information in the inversion to avoid the effects of misidentifying reflection events and the interference of multiples. Furthermore, applying a dynamic parameter constraint strategy for the very fast simulated annealing algorithm improves the convergence speed. Both synthetic and real data examples demonstrate that the proposed migration velocity analysis method can efficiently build an accurate time migration velocity model, which can also provide a good initial velocity model for depth migration.
First ; Corresponding
National Key R&D Program of China[2020YFA0713402] ; National Natural Science Fund of China["42174128","42030802"] ; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Geophysical High-resolution Imaging Technology[2022B1212010002]
|WOS Research Area|
Geochemistry & Geophysics
Geochemistry & Geophysics
|WOS Accession No|
|ESI Research Field|
Cited Times [WOS]:0
|Document Type||Journal Article|
|Department||Southern University of Science and Technology|
1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Geophysical High-Resolution Imaging Technology,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
2.Department of Earth and Space Sciences,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,China
|First Author Affilication||Southern University of Science and Technology; Department of Earth and Space Sciences|
|Corresponding Author Affilication||Southern University of Science and Technology; Department of Earth and Space Sciences|
|First Author's First Affilication||Southern University of Science and Technology|
Xu，Jincheng,Zhang，Jianfeng. Efficient prestack time migration velocity analysis: A correlation-based global optimization approach[J]. Geophysical Prospecting,2023,71(6):998-1011.
Xu，Jincheng,&Zhang，Jianfeng.(2023).Efficient prestack time migration velocity analysis: A correlation-based global optimization approach.Geophysical Prospecting,71(6),998-1011.
Xu，Jincheng,et al."Efficient prestack time migration velocity analysis: A correlation-based global optimization approach".Geophysical Prospecting 71.6(2023):998-1011.
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