中文版 | English
Title

Seizing the window of opportunity to mitigate the impact of climate change on the health of Chinese residents 把握机会窗口期减缓气候变化对中国居民健康影响

Author
Corresponding AuthorGong,Peng
Publication Years
2023
DOI
Source Title
ISSN
0023-074X
EISSN
2095-9419
Volume68Issue:15Pages:1899-1905
Abstract
The health threats posed by climate change in China are increasing rapidly. Each province faces different health risks. Without a timely and adequate response, climate change will impact lives and livelihoods at an accelerated rate and even prevent the achievement of the Healthy and Beautiful China initiatives. The 2021 China Report of the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change is the first annual update of China’s Report of the Lancet Countdown. It comprehensively assesses the impact of climate change on the health of Chinese households and the measures China has taken. Invited by the Lancet committee, Tsinghua University led the writing of the report and cooperated with 25 relevant institutions in and outside of China. The report includes 25 indicators within five major areas (climate change impacts, exposures, and vulnerability; adaptation, planning, and resilience for health; mitigation actions and health co-benefits; economics and finance; and public and political engagement) and a policy brief. This 2021 China policy brief contains the most urgent and relevant indicators focusing on provincial data: The increasing health risks of climate change in China; mixed progress in responding to climate change. In 2020, the heatwave exposures per person in China increased by 4.51 d compared with the 1986–2005 average, resulting in an estimated 92% increase in heatwave-related deaths. The resulting economic cost of the estimated 14500 heatwave-related deaths in 2020 is US$176 million. Increased temperatures also caused a potential 31.5 billion h in lost work time in 2020, which is equivalent to 1.3% of the work hours of the total national workforce, with resulting economic losses estimated at 1.4% of China’s annual gross domestic product. For adaptation efforts, there has been steady progress in local adaptation planning and assessment in 2020, urban green space growth in 2020, and health emergency management in 2019. 12 of 30 provinces reported that they have completed, or were developing, provincial health adaptation plans. Urban green space, which is an important heat adaptation measure, has increased in 18 of 31 provinces in the past decade, and the capacity of China’s health emergency management increased in almost all provinces from 2018 to 2019. As a result of China’s persistent efforts to clean its energy structure and control air pollution, the premature deaths due to exposure to ambient particulate matter of 2.5 μm or less (PM) and the resulting costs continue to decline. However, 98% of China’s cities still have annual average PM concentrations that are more than the WHO guideline standard of 10 μg/m It provides policymakers and the public with up-to-date information on China’s response to climate change and improvements in health outcomes and makes the following policy recommendations. (1) Promote systematic thinking in the related departments and strengthen multi-departmental cooperation. Sectors related to climate and development in China should incorporate health perspectives into their policymaking and actions, demonstrating WHO’s and President Xi Jinping’s so-called health-in-all-policies principle. (2) Include clear goals and timelines for climate-related health impact assessments and health adaptation plans at both the national and the regional levels in the National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for 2035. (3) Strengthen China’s climate mitigation actions and ensure that health is included in China’s pathway to carbon neutrality. By promoting investments in zero-carbon technologies and reducing fossil fuel subsidies, the current rebounding trend in carbon emissions will be reversed and lead to a healthy, low-carbon future. (4) Increase awareness of the linkages between climate change and health at all levels. Health professionals, the academic community, and traditional and new media should raise the awareness of the public and policymakers on the important linkages between climate change and health.
Keywords
URL[Source Record]
Indexed By
Language
Chinese
SUSTech Authorship
Others
WOS Research Area
Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS Subject
Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS Accession No
WOS:001025691500006
Publisher
Scopus EID
2-s2.0-85163158238
Data Source
Scopus
Citation statistics
Cited Times [WOS]:0
Document TypeJournal Article
Identifierhttp://kc.sustech.edu.cn/handle/2SGJ60CL/560269
DepartmentDepartment of Statistics and Data Science
Affiliation
1.Department of Earth System Science,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
2.School of Management and Economics,Beijing Institute of Technology,Beijing,100081,China
3.School of Public Health,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou,510080,China
4.College of Public Health,Zhengzhou University,Zhengzhou,450001,China
5.School of Public Health,Nanjing Medical University,Nanjing,211166,China
6.School of Environment,Beijing Normal University,Beijing,100875,China
7.College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering,Peking University,Beijing,100871,China
8.School of Journalism and Communication,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
9.Vanke School of Public Health,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
10.School of Earth Sciences,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou,310058,China
11.Institute of Public Safety Research,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
12.Department of Engineering Physics,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
13.Baidu Research,Beijing,100091,China
14.Institute of Environment and Ecology,Shandong Normal University,Jinan,250013,China
15.Meteorological Impact and Risk Research Center,Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences,Beijing,100086,China
16.School of Business,Shandong Normal University,Jinan,250013,China
17.State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control,National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention,Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Beijing,102206,China
18.School of Architecture,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
19.Key Laboratory of Environment and Population Health,National Institute of Environmental Health,Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Beijing,102206,China
20.Energy Institute,University College London,London,WC1E 6BT,United Kingdom
21.Department of Statistics and Data Science,Southern University of Science and Technology,Shenzhen,518055,China
22.School of Architecture,The University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong,999077,Hong Kong
23.World Health Organization Representative Office in China,Beijing,100600,China
24.Pollution Management Research Group,Energy,Climate,and Environment Program,International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA),Laxenburg,Schlossplatz 1-,A-2361,Austria
25.Department of Health Sciences,University of York,York,YO10 5DD,United Kingdom
26.Department of Epidemiology,School of Public Health,Cheeloo College of Medicine,Shandong University,Jinan,250002,China
27.School of Computer Science and Technology,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei,230027,China
28.Department of Geography and the Environment,University of North Texas,Denton,76203-5017,United States
29.School of Environment,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
30.Geography,College of Life and Environmental Sciences,University of Exeter,Exeter,EX1 2LU,United Kingdom
31.Climate Change and Health Center,Shandong University,Jinan,250002,China
32.Institute for Global Health,University College London,London,WC1H 0AL,United Kingdom
33.School of Geography,Earth and Environmental Sciences,University of Birmingham,Birmingham,B15 2TT,United Kingdom
34.School of Humanities,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
35.School of Economics and Management,Beihang University,Beijing,100083,China
36.Artificial Intelligence Thrust,Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Guangzhou,511443,China
37.Institute for Environmental and Climate Research,Jinan University,Guangzhou,510632,China
38.Institute of Climate Change and Sustainable Development,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
39.Schwarzman Scholars,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
40.Division of Sports Science & Physical Education,Tsinghua University,Beijing,100084,China
41.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmosphere Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG),Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100029,China
42.Department of Earth Sciences,Department of Geography,The University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong,999077,Hong Kong
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai,Wenjia,Zhang,Chi,Zhang,Shihui,等. Seizing the window of opportunity to mitigate the impact of climate change on the health of Chinese residents 把握机会窗口期减缓气候变化对中国居民健康影响[J]. Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin,2023,68(15):1899-1905.
APA
Cai,Wenjia.,Zhang,Chi.,Zhang,Shihui.,Ai,Siqi.,Bai,Yuqi.,...&Gong,Peng.(2023).Seizing the window of opportunity to mitigate the impact of climate change on the health of Chinese residents 把握机会窗口期减缓气候变化对中国居民健康影响.Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin,68(15),1899-1905.
MLA
Cai,Wenjia,et al."Seizing the window of opportunity to mitigate the impact of climate change on the health of Chinese residents 把握机会窗口期减缓气候变化对中国居民健康影响".Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin 68.15(2023):1899-1905.
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